Η ουλίτιδα είναι μια από τις ήπιες νόσους των ούλων. Η φλεγμονή των ούλων ή αλλιώς ουλίτιδα είναι η πρώτη ένδειξη ύπαρξης νόσου στα ούλα, αλλά ευτυχώς μπορεί να αντιμετωπιστεί εύκολα. Η ουλίτιδα αν και είναι πολύ συχνή, πολλοί άνθρωποι δεν γνωρίζουν ότι νοσούν λόγο της ήπιας μορφής και συμπτωμάτων.
If gingivitis is not treated in time, it can develop into periodontitis (periodontal disease), which can lead to tooth loss and cause changes in the shape of your face.
What is the treatment?
The treatment of gingivitis includes 2 cleansings which are performed within 1-2 weeks. After the first cleaning and removal of plaque is completed, patients should faithfully follow the instructions given by the dentist regarding their oral hygiene.
At the same time you may need to use a special mouthwash and / or special toothpaste. During the second cleaning, an evaluation is made and according to the findings, the next appointment for cleaning is planned.
What are the causes?
The causes of gingivitis are varied. Gingivitis is usually caused by poor or inadequate oral hygiene. This means that your teeth are not properly cleaned with a toothbrush or floss, resulting in plaque on the teeth (invisible layer of bacteria).
If this plaque accumulates, it can lead to bacterial infection, which is one of the most common causes of gingivitis. In case the gingivitis has appeared due to poor oral hygiene, then it can be treated by brushing the teeth by the dentist and proper brushing by the patient.
Below you will find the most common factors and causes that can cause gingivitis:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Specific medication
- Broken crowns
- Pregnancy (due to hormonal changes)
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of gingivitis are as follows:
- Inflammation of the gums, ie the gums are red, soft and swollen.
- Frequent bleeding gums
- The gums are moving away from the teeth
- You feel that your teeth are loose
- There is pain when chewing or when eating hot and cold food
Does it hurt?
Gum pain is quite subjective. In general, periodontal diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis do not show intense and acute pain. At the same time it is important to mention that the treatment of gingivitis is completely painless.
Can I take antibiotics?
Gingivitis cannot be treated with just one antibiotic and is therefore not always recommended. Taking antibiotics is only necessary if the patient has a rare type of gingivitis called ulcerative gingivitis.
What toothbrush should I use when I have gingivitis?
There are several toothbrushes and mouthwashes that are sold exclusively in pharmacies.
The treatment and prevention of gingivitis can be achieved by daily and proper cleaning of the teeth with the use of the right toothbrush and the appropriate floss and mouthwash.