Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease that affects the gums and all periodontal tissues including the alveolar bone (the bone on which teeth rest).
What are the causes of periodontitis?
Periodontitis is a development of gingivitis. When left untreated, gingivitis progresses to periodontal disease - periodontitis - which can cause severe and reversible damage to the gums, teeth and bones of the mouth.
More specifically, germs and their toxins go deeper under the gums and infect the bone. When it becomes infected it begins to destroy resulting in the gums detaching from the teeth and forming a gap
In this empty space the germs multiply and the gap grows bigger and bigger, destroying extra bone, until all the support is lost and the teeth fall out.
Periodontitis causes the teeth to shake, or change position, creating aesthetic problems, problems with closure, chewing and speech. Finally, bad breath is very common due to poor periodontal health and inflammation of the periodontal tissues.
What are the differences between gingivitis and periodontitis?
The important difference between gingivitis and periodontitis is that in periodontitis there is permanent bone loss, and if left untreated or left untreated, bone damage worsens and leads to tooth loss.
What are the symptoms?
Some of the symptoms of periodontitis are quite easy for the patient to detect. Of course there are some symptoms of periodontitis which can only be seen by the dentist after a dental examination.
The symptoms of periodontitis (periodontal disease) are as follows:
- Your gums bleed easily, such as when brushing.
- Your gums are bright red, swollen or tender.
- Gums that have receded or detached from the tooth.
- You have a persistent and intense bad breath.
- Chewing between teeth and gums.
- Your teeth are loose and shaking.
- You feel different (compared to the past) in the way you close your mouth and your teeth come in contact.
- Change the position of one or more teeth in the last period of time
- If there is a family member with a periodontal problem
How is periodontitis treated?
Periodontal treatment is also known as gingivitis treatment and periodontitis treatment.
When periodontitis is in its early stages, treatment aims to stop the bleeding gums and help them to clear up.
- But when periodontitis is in an advanced stage, the treatment also seeks: the elimination of periodontal pockets,
- stopping further bone destruction
- restoration where possible of damaged bone and gums.
Depending on the severity, extent of the problem, but also the treatment plan agreed with the dentist and the patient , periodontal treatment may include only the conservative treatment phase of periodontitis (ultrasound, scraping tools and laser) or may require additional treatment with surgical techniques.
How long does it take to treat periodontitis?
The duration of periodontal treatment can range from 2-3 weeks to 4-6 months. This means that the patient will follow a relatively narrow program of treatment sessions.
Throughout the treatment, emphasis is placed on perfecting oral hygiene, which is why regular check-ups and care ( cleaning teeth ) of the oral cavity is of the utmost importance.
What types of treatment are there?
Conservative Treatment of Periodontitis
During the conservative treatment of periodontitis, local anesthesia is performed. This is followed by the removal of tartar and germs that are under the gums and come in contact with the surface of the tooth root. Ultrasound and scraper are used in this treatment.
Laser treatment of periodontitis
Laser can be used to treat periodontitis at the same time as the conservative treatment or later. At the same time we must say that the treatment of periodontitis with soft tissue laser is completely painless.
What are the benefits of laser periodontitis treatment
The biggest advantage of using lasers in periodontal treatment is:
- Antimicrobial action
- Smooth healing
- Regeneration of a part of the lost periodontal tissues.
- Reduction to elimination of the need for a surgical method.
- Faster completion of treatment
- Minimize possible complications
What should I avoid after treating periodontitis?
- Healing is faster when you get enough rest. That's why we would suggest resting for the rest of the day. General you can continue your normal daily activities if your daily routine or obligations do not allow it.
- Depending on the extent of the treatment, you may be quite numb. So you should be careful not to bite your lip or tongue.
- It is advisable to take your painkiller before the anesthesia is over. You may need to continue taking painkillers depending on the extent of your treatment.
- If an antibiotic is prescribed you should take it according to the doctor's advice and for at least 5 days
- Eat well before using medications, as some may upset the stomach
- Do not consume alcohol with painkillers or antibiotics.
- Do not consume alcohol after laser surgery. The burn in the area of the operation may worsen and consequently the sensitivity may increase.
- Rinse with antiseptic mouthwashes.
- It is advisable to wash with chamomile which is a soothing and mild natural antiseptic
- Βουρτσίζουμε τα δόντια 2 φορές την ημέρα και χρησιμοποιούμε νήμα και μεσοδόντια βουρτσάκια